As the climate is changing rapidly worldwide, farmers are upsetting about ecological farming by adapting to new and uncertain conditions. Transform the food system from the ground up by nurturing safe, healthy, just, and ecologically sustainable farms and communities. Changes in harvesting patterns have unfortunately not been met with corresponding modifications in harvesting techniques: most are still wasteful but majorly are found efficient.
To have less detrimental effects on the environment than conventional farming. This has led to it being proposed as an alternative to conventional agriculture for helping to overcome the climate change crisis we are currently experiencing.
Different Incentives to Embark on Food Production
To improve both the conservation of threatened species and the management of natural resources, eco-farming is practised. However, its biodiversity and ecosystem have been degraded, mainly due to shifting cultivation, hunting, logging, and increasing population density.
Glyphosate is a widely used herbicide in Australia and many other countries to control weeds. It binds very tightly to most soils and sediments in the environment, and therefore it is generally not available for uptake by roots of nearby plants. However, it was found that this acidic pathway caused cancer to workers, putting it under the approval spotlight.
Ecological farming protects soils from erosion and degradation, increases soil fertility, conserves water and natural habitats, and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
Methods of Eco-Farming
For small-scale farmers to produce the bulk of the food. Their fundamental goal is to ensure civil society is engaged in biodiversity conservation for the actual procurement of food to feed billions of populations.
- Crop rotation is used to reduce disease building up the soils and to strengthen the soil composition. Certain crops, such as the legume family- peas and beans fix nitrogen from the air and increase the nitrates in the soil. This makes the soil much more fertile, and so farmers rotate legumes with their other crops.
- Soil fertility is necessary for sustainability as it allows farming lands to continue to produce organic crops. Soil fertility can be procured only by using natural fertilizers and reduced use of any pesticides.
- Integrating animal husbandry in farms is one of the principles of eco-farming. In arid zones or barren land, animals play an important role in recycling nutrients, thereby nurturing the soil. For breeding, organic farming uses natural reproduction techniques. While artificial insemination is allowed, embryo transfer, genetic manipulation, and hormonal synchronization are not permitted according to IFOAM standards.
- It involves the introduction of symbiotic species. The oceanic environment is known for its diverse species. The struggle among organisms for the same limited resources in an ecosystem. Competition can happen between members of the same species (intraspecific competition) and between different species (interspecific competition).
Soil scientists, agronomists, foresters, plant biologists, land-use planners, engineers, archaeologists, and geologists, among others, all consider soil type (composition, texture, structure, density, etc.) in many aspects of their research or work. Farmers are taking advantage of this indigenous knowledge and focusing on learning. Ecological farming is known for bringing people together, building alliances, and celebrating, which is possible through Eco farming events.
Overall for shaping the future of farming, an exchange of knowledge among a diversity of stakeholders and grassroots leadership through its connective educational events is crucial in forming a friendly environment.